10 of September
Second Feira Franca
1 - D. HENRIQUE AND DONA TERESA VILA DA CORRELHÃ 1097
It is commonly accepted that D. Henry of Burgundy and D. Teresa of Leon married in the year of 1096, receiving the Condado Portucalense to govern from the hands of Afonso VI of Leon and Chatelaine. However, there are several uncertainties about the date and cause of marriage as well as About how old the infanta might have been. Maybe she was seven or eight, a little More, a little less. In these cases, when a wife was a minor, she used to Go live to her husband's house, to the care of her relatives, until the moment of consummation. Since the count's family was out of the kingdom, it is possible that D. Teresa remained The custody of someone who deserves the trust of the spouse, possibly within the court (Perhaps Soeiro Mendes da Maia and his wife Gontrode Moniz), because from their marriage, During the first years, Teresa will always appear next to you in the documents that this Confirms with King Afonso VI. It was in this political and family context that the Of the Counts, on a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela, by the village of Cornelhã, dated Document of December 9, 1097, confirming the donation of this village to the same Cathedral Apostolic
2 - D. AFONSO HENRIQUES THE "FOUNDER" (1134-1140)
D. Afonso Henriques, after the seizure of power in 1128, pursued a policy of confrontations Armed to extend the territory of the Condado Portucalense. The military campaigns Which will lead, especially in Galicia, will be feudal wars motivated by conflicts of vassalage, Fidelity and sovereignty. There is no doubt that D. Afonso Henriques intended The border of Portugal beyond the rivers Lima and Minho (intended to dominate the counties Southern Galicia - Límia and Toroño). In the period from 1134 to 1140, his attempts In this sense seemed to be associated with feudal commitments established with the two Counts, whose vassalage the king of Portugal probably wanted to confirm. Although not We find no explicit reference to the presence of D. Afonso Henriques in Ponte de Lima, it is very possible that in the numerous inves- tigations in Galicia, especially in the counties of Límia and de Toroño, the first king of Portugal may have passed and / or remained one or Several times (?) In Ponte de Lima.
3 - Legend os Cabração
From the eventual passage of D. Afonso Henriques by lands limianas was the legend of Cabração, Which, as is often the case in legends about historical characters, has a Background of truth ... A possible link between the legend narrative and the Successive feudal wars and enlargement of Portuguese territory carried out by the first King of Portugal near the borders of Galicia. According to this legend, after the Ríos do Azar, D. Afonso Henriques and his peers went about hunting the boar and the bear when Were presented with a meal that the chaplain of the monastery of Vitorino das Donas Did arrive. The meal was appetizing, and the king joked with the good men who accompanied him ... Suddenly, one of the members accompanying D. Afonso, rising in a start, Towards the frontier bands, glimpsing a swirl of dust that He was approaching, thinking they were enemies. D. Afonso interrupts the meal and everyone prepares To ride and ride in the direction of the cloud of dust. Only the chaplain, who had offered the He kept himself undaunted, continuing his meal. "Goats are, Lord, eat rested," Said the chaplain, laughing at the king.
4 - AFONSO III “O BOLONHÊS” 1248
Afonso III, dubbed "the Bolognese" by his marriage to Matilde II, Countess of Boulogne, Was king of Portugal from 1248 until his death in 1279, and also the first monarch Portuguese to use the title of King of the Algarve. He was the second son of King Afonso II and his Wife Urraca of Castile, having ascended to the throne after deposing his elder brother, Sancho II. It will only be after the arrival of the news of the death of brother Sancho II, little deceased After January 3, 1248, in Toledo, that D. Afonso will legitimately assume the title Of King of Portugal. Between 1248 and 1256, D. Afonso III frantically went through the Kingdom, To show and silence possible resistances, whether to take effective possession of the territory It was his duty to govern. It is in this initial context of itinerancy that we will find it in Guimarães, Where he remains with his court between March and May and, on the 9th of that month, we find him To stay in Ponte de Lima, granting a letter of protection to the monastery of Miranda (county Of Arcos de Valdevez). This is one of his first acts as king.
5 - THE "BOLOGNA" COURT IN PONTE DE LIMA 1248
The documents that allow us to map the wandering through the country of D. Afonso III Let us glimpse the constitution of his court. They accompanied him, in addition to the members Of the royal family, some representatives of the highest civil and ecclesiastical hierarchy, generally 8 rich men and 8 prelates; A second group constituted by members of the cavaleiresca entourage Of the monarch and some clerics, in some cases with an already long life in And companionship from his youth, often called Private individuals and / or advisers; Another nucleus linked to different political-administrative positions, Where they included judges, notaries, porters or treasurers; And a last and vast set Of officials of the royal household, who took care of all the preparations related to the displacements, King's table, treatment of horses, hunting activity and other aspects Connected to the maintenance of the cut. The historian Iria Gonçalves, on the precise One of the trips of this monarch to Entre Douro e Minho (where he contemplated the visit to Ponte Of Lima), pointed to a delegation that would exceed 400 individuals.
6 - D. JOÃO I MESTRE DE AVIS "THE KING OF GOOD MEMORY" 1385
The coming of D. João I to Ponte de Lima has very special characteristics, since it occurs In the context of the dynastic crisis of 1383/1385, with a country divided between obedience to the daughter (D. Beatriz), but married to the king of Leon and Castile, Also called D. João I, and the supporters of D. João, Master of Avis. After the Of Coimbra, in April 1385, and the acclamation of King João I as king of Portugal, was Time to go to the action and take the lands that still had "taken voice by Castile". And in Context of this military conflagration that the presence of D. João I is registered in the Ponte de Lima. The village was well protected with its twelve towers properly equipped and with The doors reinforced with stones. On the other hand, its frontier, Lopo Gomes de Lira, Of good squires, crossbowmen, and standing men, who endeavored to resist. Only the collaboration Of a squire of the village (Estevão Rodrigues Malheiro) that deceived the porters and Gave entrance to the Portuguese host, who soon set fire to the towers, catching their men Unprepared, facilitated the offensive mission. The village will eventually be conquered, even in the month Of May 1385, intervening in the feat the king and the Constable, D. Nuno Alvares Pereira, with the His men in arms. It was celebrated the episode of the siege, with the retirement of the woman of Lopo Gomes de Lira, Teresa Gomes de Abreu, "who amdava prenhe", and of her children, who were retired Of the village "per cordas em huu çesto" ...
7 - D. AFONSO V "THE AFRICAN" 1462
A striking feature of the reign of D. Afonso V was undoubtedly his roaming and travel Inside and outside the country. According to the historian Saul António Gomes, his long reign Allows him to have the title of having been the most traveled and "European" king of the Portuguese Middle Ages. Also according to the same author, D. Afonso V will have traveled all the provinces of Kingdom. It will have been in one of these rows through the kingdom that the king visited the village of Ponte de Lima between 7 and 9 July 1462. The Portuguese chronological tradition is almost unanimous in considering Afonso V a cult monarch And a lover of letters and the arts, writing fluently and being endowed with perfect eloquence And a good command of reading. It was common for public reading in court by lawyers / readers professionals. Also the king's taste for music is evident in the numerous Musicians and chamber music and ceremonies that he kept, accompanying these the king In their public exits. References to the trumpet players of the king of Portugal became famous. Another specific area was military fanfare, which had instrumentalists, Blow and percussion. He was accompanied, in his wandering for the kingdom, of all this Which, of course, also accompanied the king on his trip to Ponte de Lima.
8 - D. MANUEL I “O VENTUROSO” 1502
At the end of the summer of 1502, King D. Manuel I made an unusual decision and Of the court for a couple of months, accompanied only by a very restricted group. The reason This departure was the realization of a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. The chronicler Damião Of Góis, in his "Chronica of Felicíssimo King Dom Emanuel", justifies the decision of the trip To Galicia as one of the actions of D. Manuel I to thank God for the success of the navy from India. The historian João Paulo Oliveira e Costa, in his biographical work on the king, As the main reason for his pilgrimage is the request for divine help to carry out a Expedition in 1503 to Morocco to combat the "infidel". D. Manuel I also took advantage of This trip to travel around the kingdom, having visited several places he had never met Before (among which Ponte de Lima) and others that he had only been before being king. By having Passed through Tomar and Coimbra, followed to Montemor-o-Velho, Aveiro and Porto. Continuing His romatics to Compostela, we know that he was in Dume, also there as a pilgrim And to remember or to venerate the two great prelates who were S. Martinho and S. Frutuoso, Going from there, as it is admitted, to Ponte de Lima and Valença. He entered Galicia in Land of Tui, taking the road that went right to the house of the Apostle.
9 - LEGEND OF THE "BLACK GREYHOUND"
From the passage of king D. Manuel I by Ponte de Lima was in the collective memory of the local people The legend of the "black greyhound", closely linked to the retinue accompanying the king on the pilgrimage To Santiago de Compostela. According to this legend, D. Rui de Mendonça, would be a Element of the court of the king and companion of pilgrimage. During the course, D. Manuel and D. Rui de Mendonça rested in the village of Ponte de Lima. The time spent in this village will have been Occupied at parties, and in one of these parties D. Rui de Mendonça met D. Beatriz de Lima, Of Moorish descent. Since her mother had been a Moira from Arzila and a sort of witch, The people refused it, and so this young woman, of impressive beauty, was still single. However, all these rumors did not prevent D. Rui and D. Beatriz from having lived a big love. Meanwhile El-Rei finished his rest and decides to continue the trip, Taking with him D. Rui de Mendonça. The young men said goodbye by the river Lima and D. Beatriz Asked D. Rui to swear an eternal love. D. Rui, imprisoned by this young woman, swore, And she asked him to swear again, but now by the running waters of Lima. And, of course, the young man Swore I told him that I would love her until the waters of the Lima River were exhausted forever. After a few months, it was learned by the kingdom that D. Rui was to marry a lady of the Court. In day Of the wedding, D. Rui de Mendonça, upon entering the carriage that would take him to the altar, fell dead! Soon after this death, a huge black greyhound began to appear on the sands of the Lima river. Soon, in the voice of the people, this greyhound would be the soul of D. Rui de Mendonça, who was being Condemned for the revenge of D. Beatriz.
10 - D. JOSÉ DE BRAGANÇA INFANTE DE PORTUGAL 1756
Natural son of King D. Pedro II and brother of King João V, D. José was appointed Archbishop of Braga In the year 1739 but only took effective possession in 1741. In the long journey that ran between Lisbon and Braga, was received with majestic ludic exhibitions in the cities of Santarém, Coimbra, Porto and Vila Nova de Famalicão, on behalf of the By the main dignitaries of power in Braga, on July 23, 1741. He played An action of relief in the city, reforming the aljube of the city, giving him water, and a Important charitable action, especially in helping poor orphans, through the distribution of Marriage and other favors, and in assisting women, widows and the sick, Through the sending of alms. D. José de Bragança died as he lived, giving assistance to his parish, during A pastoral visit to the archbishopric, in Ponte de Lima, on June 3, 1756 (at the Count D 'Aurora). Pastoral visits were always a source of celebration in the lands where the archbishops went. The entrance was due to a ritual, with the departure of the archbishop of the city of Braga, accompanied By the main authorities of the city, until its term. The peoples of the lands Visited in the repair of roads, street cleaning and decoration Of houses. The floor was scented with lavender, rosemary and rosemary branches. The nobility, Lay and religious authorities accompanied the archbishop, while the bustling people I used to enjoy the show
11 - REI D. LUÍS I "THE POPULAR" 1872
On June 30, 1872, Don Luis I (Don Luis Filipe Maria Fernando Pedro de Alcântara António Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga Xavier Francisco de Assis João Augusto Júlio Volfrando Saxe- -Coburgo-Gotha de Bragança and Bourbon) makes a visit to Ponte de Lima accompanied by Of his brother, the infant D. Augusto, and members of the government. The delegation arrived at Ponte de Lima around 10 o'clock in the morning, coming from Viana do Castelo. The length of Joy was adorned with two obelisks and covered with flags; the bridge Was full of flags from one end to the other, with the masts painted white With a blue ribbon, bearing in the center the national flag; In the Old Tower were Two seraphs were placed, one holding the weapons and the other the keys of the village; On entry and Out of the bridge were four pretty girls dressed in white with beautiful garlands On their heads, and held in their hands the salvos of silver with flowers, to cast as His Majesty; At the door of the palace two other girls dressed in the same way, silver. Two "arraial" music bands awaited the visits, one from "Rebordello", which Was at the end of Alegria, and the other, the "Velha", next to the Palace. One boat and two boats were On the river Lima full of pennants and flags of various colors. After being greeted on the shore of Joy and having crossed the bridge, they went to hear Mass In the main church. In the end they went to visit the hospital and the Misericórdia, Provider, Father António de Sousa Abreu Pereira. After a walk through the streets of the village, Met in the town hall and, finally, in the house of João de Barros Mimoso. The royal delegation left Ponte de Lima at around 3 pm, towards the city of Braga.
12 - PRÍNCIPE REAL D. LUÍS FILIPE 1901
On October 8, 1901, the royal prince D. Luís Filipe (Luís Filipe Maria Carlos Amélio Fernando Victor Manuel António Lourenço Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga Xavier Francisco Of Assis-Bento of Orléans-Bragança and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha), aged 14, makes a visit to Ponte de Lima, accompanied by his aide Mouzinho de Albuquerque, for the inauguration of the Avenue D. Luís Filipe, renamed with the implantation of the Republic as avenue October 5, But popularly known among the limianos by avenue of bananas. The avenue was built directly by the Chamber, with money borrowed by the prestigious Merchant João Soares Lima and with the efforts of countless girls of 17 and 18 years That for a year they carried to the head tons of sand that was filling the vast place, After the support wall was built with stone from the wall that surrounded the village. They arrived on horseback, came on the road to Braga, descended on the Queen's Square, They had lunch in the office of the President of the Chamber, Dr. Luís da Cunha Nogueira. Guest To discuss the lunch, the parish priest of Seara, Reverend João Araújo Lima, Rabbit stew that the prince enjoyed and is said to have repeated the dose three times. Unlocked the Royal prince a plaque as his name, in the presence of the highest authorities of the district and Thousands of people, having first entered the mother church for a brief prayer. After Naming the avenue, said goodbye to the population and authorities and, always accompanied by Mouzinho de Albuquerque, departed towards Viana, not without first making a stop at the Solar of Bertiandos.
- Association of Youth and Friends of Friastelas
- Light and Life Association Santa Gemma Jovem - Freixo
- Equestrian Center of Vale do Lima
- Nautical Club of Ponte de Lima
- Duplaface Companhia das Artes
- Theater group of Casa do Povo de Freixo
- Theater group of Facha
- Institute Limiano e Orfeão
- Junta de Freguesia of Correlhã
- Os Gorilas
- Pequenos Atores do Lima
- Unhas do Diabo
PITCHFORKS: Montemor e Aposento da Chamusca
CATTLE: António dos Reis e António Valente
Brightens the race the Music Band of Ponte de Lima
Palco A – Expolima:
- Rancho Folclórico Casa do Concelho em Lisboa
- Grupo Folclórico das Espadeladeiras de Rebordões Souto
- Grupo Recreativo Danças e Cantares de Ponte de Lima
- Grupo Etnográfico Infantil da Casa do Povo de Freixo
- Rusga Típica da Correlhã
- Grupo Folclórico de Calheiros
- Grupo Folclórico de Santa Marta de Serdedelo
- Rancho Folclórico das Lavradeiras de Gondufe
- Grupo Etno-Folclórico de Refoios
Palco B – largo da Lapa:
- Rancho Folclórico Lusitanos Saint Cyr L’ Ecole (França)
- Rancho Folclórico de Anais
- Grupo Folclórico Etnográfico da Casa do Povo de Poiares
- Grupo Danças e Cantares do Neiva de Sandiães
- Rancho Folclórico da Ribeira
- Grupo Danças e Cantares de Vitorino de Piães
- Rancho Folclórico da Correlhã
- Rancho das Lavradeiras de S. Martinho da Gandra
- Grupo Folclórico da Gemieira